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- The government of Ukraine recently adopted a new
constitution. The process which would end in ratification by
a national referendum was initiated with a draft
prepared in 1992. Adoption of the constitution was delayed by
various disagreements, especially those concerning the
division of power and the role of the President in any
- Executive power is vested in the President and the Prime Minister,
while legislative power is the prerogative of the Verkhovna
Rada. The President is elected by direct, popular vote for a
mandate of five years. The President appoints the Prime
Minister and the members of the Council of Minister, but all
appointments must be approved by the Verkhovna Rada.
- LOCAL GOVERNMENT
- Ukraine is divided into 24 oblasts (provinces), one autonomous
republic (Crimea), 479 rayons (divisions), and 415 cities.
The Republic of Crimea has been granted special status, with
considerable autonomy in its internal affairs.
- Executive power is vested in a directly elected President. A
Council of Ministers (Cabinet) is headed by a Prime Minister,
who is appointed by the President.
- The highest legislative branch in Ukraine is the Verkhovna
Rada (Supreme Council). It is a unicameral body which has 450
directly elected members. Elections have been held in
March, April 1993, and March 1998.
- JUDICIAL SYSTEM
- Under the Soviet system, the Ukrainian judiciary was headed by
a Supreme Court. There is no information available yet on
proposed changes to the judicial system following the breakup
of the Soviet Union and the restructuring of Ukrainian institutions.
- ELECTION QUALIFICATIONS
- All citizens 18 years of age and older are eligible to vote.